85:1; Jer. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 2014), Gower, Ralph, The New Manners and Customs of Bible Times (Chicago: Moody Press, 1987), Kidner, Derek, Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries: Psalms 73-150, Vol. “We must raise up ourselves with this consideration – that the gospel is nothing else but laughter and joy. Psalm 12 Commentary: God Protects His Own And because God’s words are pure, the needy who are marginalized and oppressed when a society exalts vileness – they can be sure of God’s protection. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. “like the streams in the Negev” (also spelled Negeb) (v. 4b). The Negev (which means dry) is the far south region of Israel, a desert-like region that gets only eight inches (200 mm) or less of rain a year––barely enough to sustain subsistence agriculture. i. PSALM 126 THE ARGUMENT This Psalm was composed by Ezra, or some other man of God, at the return of Israel from Babylon. The goyim (nations) have affirmed Yahweh’s actions in behalf of Israel, and Israel has also acknowledged them. Verses 1-3 speak of a wondrous, joyful time “when Yahweh brought back those who returned to Zion.”  This almost certainly refers to the miraculous return of Jewish exiles from Babylonia, which took place when Cyrus, king of Persia, defeated Babylonia and in 538 B.C. The psalmist was sowing seed, the fruit of which he little dreamed of, when he wrote them, and his sheaves will be an exceeding weight indeed.”, vi. Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. ii. ii. “These foreigners were no dreamers; though they were only lookers-on, and not partakers in the surprising mercy, they plainly saw what had been done, and rightly ascribed it to the great Giver of all good.” (Spurgeon). It is the seventh in the series of 15 songs for pilgrims coming to Jerusalem. The psalmist is describing singing powered by exuberance and energy and enthusiasm. i. Return and restore are related, because both speak of going back to a previous place or condition. Psalm 126 is one of a collection of poems (Psalms 120-134) known as the “Songs of Ascents.” By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. 6 He who goes out weeping, carrying seed for sowing, Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Then they said2 3 Click on the different category headings to find out more. This joy properly pertaineth to captives, that is, to those that feel the captivity of sin and death…. The word sameah means to be filled with joy––to be exuberantly joyful. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Then they said among the nations, These were apparently people who voluntarily remained in Babylonia rather than facing the rigors of a journey back to Jerusalem, which they knew to be a ruined city. i. With wisdom the psalmist reminded himself and all of us that great joy is often preceded by a season of tears, as if they are seeds we sow that will bring a crop of joy to be later reaped. But he arose, and is now in heaven; from whence he ‘shall doubtless come again with rejoicing,’ with the voice of the archangel and the trump of God, ‘bringing his sheaves with him.’” (Horne), (c) 2020 The Enduring Word Bible Commentary by David Guzik – ewm@enduringword.com. 126 When the Lord brought back [ a]the captivity of Zion, We were like those who dream. But Ross, because of the proximity of this verse to verse 4, says “the psalmist’s concern was not with a harvest of wheat, but people” (Ross, 670). The word sub has a number of meanings: Turn, return, and restore being three of the more prominent ones. It is not enough to sow; we may do that lavishly and constantly, but we must add passion, emotion, tender pity, strong cryings and tears.”, v. “He drops a seed and a tear, a seed and a tear, and so goes on his way. 1 When a the Lord brought back 1 the captivity of Zion, b We were like those who dream. When the LORD brought back the captivity of Zion: The psalmist sang of a time when God set His people free from their captivity, and they were restored to Jerusalem (Zion). So the psalmist is praying that God will restore Israel to vitality, just as he restores the streams of the Negev when it rains. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 126 EXEGESIS: CONTEXT: This psalm is composed of two sections: Verses 1-3 speak of a wondrous, joyful time "when Yahweh brought back those who returned to Zion." “The two images of renewal (4b, 5-6) are not only striking: they are complementary. For all the saints. Both well up from deep within our persona. 2 Then our mouth was filled with laughter, And our tongue with singing. Hence, present distress must not be viewed as if it would last for ever; it is not the end, by any means, but only a means to the end. They would sow in tears. This is not a worked-up, hyped-up enthusiasm. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Study Psalm 126 using Charles H. Spurgeon’s Treasury of David to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. i. “It remained a vivid national memory (cf. iii. Verse 1:-. While they eventually succeeded in rebuilding the temple, their temple was a pale substitute for the grand Solomon’s Temple. When Yahweh elevated Cyrus to the throne of Persia and caused him to allow the exiles to return to Jerusalem, their dream had come true. Both are filled with positive energy. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. Sorrow is our sowing, rejoicing shall be our reaping. Those were the days! We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. NASB NKJV NRSV TEV NJB Thanksgiving for Return from Captivity MT Intro A Song of Ascents. Let’s read verse 7. As the streams in the South: The streams in the South flowed when the rain fell in faraway mountains. In the second image (the harvest after the difficult work of plowing and sowing seed, vv. “He guards the buried seed, and stands sponsor for the harvest. We were like those who dream. Then our mouth was filled with laughter, And our tongue with singing. Bible commentary on the Book of Psalms, chapter 126, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. SCRIPTURE QUOTATIONS are from the World English Bible (WEB), a public domain (no copyright) modern English translation of the Holy Bible. It also inspires respect for Israel, who obviously enjoys God’s protection. This psalm is titled A Song of Ascents. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. It seemed too good, too great to be true, but it was true. and our tongue with singing. J. Edwin Orr’s book All Your Need records the description of J. Oswald Sanders of the 1936 revival at Ngaruawahia, New Zealand: “For some time before Easter, a spirit of unusual expectancy had been kindled in our hearts by the Holy Spirit, but the reality far exceeded the expectation. They that sow in tears shall reap in joy — This seems to refer to the foregoing prayer; as if he had said, And this thou wilt do in thy good time: thou wilt give them, as thou hast given us, a joyful return after so sad a time of captivity. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. It seemed too good to be true. As the streams in the South. They needed a large drainage system––the largest I have ever seen. Psalm 126 New King James Version (NKJV) A Joyful Return to Zion A Song of Ascents. 6:16)the Lord brought back the captivity of Zion,#Ps. Then it was said among the The psalm divides naturally into two verse groups––1-2, 3-4, 5-6, 7-8. “To the south of favoured Judea stretched the dry and barren district, where in summer-time all the streams ceased to flow. Bring back our captivity, O LORD: The second half of this psalm does not deny the amazed joy of the first half, but it recognizes that there is still work yet to be done. They are grateful and amazed at what He has done, yet can in the next moment consider how much more needs to be done. ii. In the joy of the present pilgrim gathering, we sense the singers enjoying that harvest, yet wisely understanding that there will be future tears to sow in faith. i. (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2006-2009), VanGemeren, Willem A. a. Were they still dreaming? Shall reap in joy. 128:6; (Gal. We may imagine the sense of one whose life is profoundly changed by Jesus Christ. We might be able to picture a national prayer for help, much as we … Continue reading "Commentary on Psalm 124" That would certainly be Israel’s natural response to Yahweh’s bringing their fifty year exile to a close. Psalms 126:1-6 NKJV When the LORD brought back the captivity of Zion, We were like those who dream. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. This is one of 15 psalms (120-134) that begin with this superscription. It is the seventh in the series of 15 songs for pilgrims coming to Jerusalem. In this context, it means that Yahweh has done great things––magnificent things––for Israel. 126 When the Lord brought back [ a]the captivity of Zion, We were like those who dream. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1979-1988), Brown, Francis; Driver, S.R. I lived for a short time in El Paso, which gets ten inches of rain a year. These psalms may have been sung by pilgrims ascending the road to Jerusalem (which was on a mountain) for the three great festivals:  Passover, the Feast of Weeks (which we know as Pentecost), and the Feast of Tabernacles. c. Shall doubtless come again with rejoicing: Tears truly sown in faith will bring in time a true harvest of rejoicing, as if the reapers held heavy sheaves of grain. 29:14; Hos. This brings credit to God among the ungodly. iii. When the LORD brought back the captivity of Zion, We were like those who dream. 5 Those who sow in tears will reap in joy. i. “We could not believe our own eyes and ears, but thought it to be but a dream or delusion of our own fancies; as is usual in matters of great joy, as Genesis 45:26, Luke 24:11, Acts 12:9.” (Poole), ii. Those who have endured much weeping, if they truly carry it as seed for sowing – holding and casting it with faith in God and in His promise – those may be assured of reaping a good harvest. 126 When the Lord brought back [] the captivity of Zion, We were like those who dream. He who continually goes forth weeping, “They desired that their return might be as rapid and as abundant as the waters of those rivers.” (Clarke), iv. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. “For the psalmist, as for us, memory of the past could have become mere nostalgia. Laughter and singing are expressions of joy. shall I receive a reward for my labour?’ Yes…doubtless you will gather sheaves from your sowing.” (Spurgeon). It promises Yahweh's protection. We were as men that dreamed.”. “The mercy was so unexpected, so amazing, so singular that they could not do less than laugh; and they laughed much, so that their mouths were full of it, and that because their hearts were full too.” (Spurgeon), ii. iv. ), The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, 5 vol. Those streams could appear suddenly and rush with a mighty flow, sometimes known as flash floods. Such can be the effect of a downpour, which can also turn the surrounding desert into a place of grass and flowers overnight.” (Kidner), iii. “There is a world of restrained feeling, all the more impressive for the simplicity of the expression, in that quiet ‘We became glad.’ When the heathen attested the reality of the deliverance, Israel became calmly conscious of it.” (Maclaren). However, the description is so general that it could refer to any number of events recorded in the historical books in which Israel was under pressure from foreign powers. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. To sustain agriculture, residents had to channel that rainfall to make it usable. The LORD has done great things for them: The sense of joyful amazement was not confined to the people of God. We must sow: we may have to sow in the wet weath… At times Christian revival has been described in these terms. Bible commentary on the Book of Psalms, chapter 126, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. “O disciple of Jesus, behold an emblem of thy present labour, and thy future reward. Psalm 126:5–6 5 d Those who sow in tears Shall reap in joy. To be free again after all those years would be wonderfully liberating. “we were like those who dream” (v. 1b). Restore ( Hebrew: sameah ) ( v. 2a ) 5 vol ways.a... 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