A blossom of the months of January to March, the tree grows up to 20 metres in height and is a delight to look at. Correspondence to: Correspondence Dr. Archana Negi Sah Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus, Nainital Uttarakhand-263136, INDIA. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Shelter is imperative to prevent wind damage to leaves. For more information, see copyright section in articles. Flavonoids, isolated from the leaves of Rhododendron arboreum were found to have potent antioxidant property [9] and the plant Rhododendron arboreum have been reported for anti-inflammatory [10] Flowering Month: April. from Uttarakhand, Extraction of Total Phenolics, Flavonoids and Tannins from Paederia foetida L. Leaves and their Relation with Antioxidant Activity, Pharmacognostic Standardization of an Ethnomedicinal Aquatic Herb, Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms for its Antibacterial Potentiality, Repairing Effects of Aqueous Extract of Kalanchoe pinnata (Lmk) Pers. , author. Miksche JP, Simons A Curr Bioactive Compounds. Botanical microtechnique and cytochemistry. Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron, also known as Burans or Laligurans or simply Gurans (Nepali: गुराँस) in Nepal, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. This plant holds the Guinness Record for World's Largest Rhododendron. Rhododendron arboreum tree from the valley of Himalayas known for its bright scarlet red bell shaped flowers filled with sweet nectar, is one such tree with medicinal uses. Varying range of coloured fluorescence produced in short-wavelength (254 nm) and long-wavelength (366 nm) were prudently scrutinized for the detection of fluorescent compounds as per the suggested method.16. Rhododendron’s name comes from Greek language and means ‘the tree of roses’ (rhodo is rose in Greek and dendron means tree). Techniques and experiments. Leaves, Inhibitory Effect of Lantana camara L., Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. and Cosmos caudatus Kunth. Chamberlain D, Transverse section of Rhododendron arboreum Sm. R. catawbiense and R. ponticum propagated in USA was carried out using scanning electron microscopy. Kuntze] is a potential candidate for c... Oct 8, 2018 Title : First photographic record of tiger presence at … has been considered as threatened and listed as rare at international level (IUCN, 2000). Sah AN, Leaf Extracts on ADP-Induced Platelet Aggregation, Profile of HMGB1 mRNA Expression and TLR4 Protein in BALB/c Mice Model Sterile Injury after Systemic Lidocaine Administration, Antimicrobial Potential of Crude Extracts of Thespesia populnea L. Flower on Multiple Drug Resistant Opportunistic Pathogens in HIV/AIDS, In vitro Antimicrobial Activity Evaluation of Mangrove Fruit (Sonneratia caseolaris L.) Extract, Pharmacogn J., Vol 10, Issue 4, Jul-Aug, 2018, Pharmacogn J., Vol 10, Issue 5, Sep-Oct, 2018, Pharmacogn J., Vol 10, Issue 6 (Suppl), Nov-Dec, 2018, Pharmacogn J., Vol 10, Issue 6, Nov-Dec, 2018, Pharmacognosy Communications, Vol 7, Issue 3, Jul-Sep, 2017, Pharmacognosy Communications, Vol 7, Issue 4, Oct-Dec, 2017, Pharmacognosy Communications, Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Mar, 2018, Phcog J. Vol 9, Issue 6 (suppl. Oken leaf Extract and their Fractions on α-amylase, α-glucosidase and Cholinesterase Enzyme, Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of some Medicinal Plants Extracts Commonly Used in Algerian Traditional Medicine against some Pathogenic Bacteria, Potential Bioactive Compounds Isolated from Boesenbergia rotunda as Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Agents, In vitro Study of Antibacterial Activity of Hydro-Alcohol Morrocan Plants Extracts, Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Zimozielony gatunek pochodzący z obszarów od północnych Indii po południowe Chiny i Himalaje, gdzie w naturze osiąga wysokość nawet do 30 m. W uprawie dorasta do 12 m wysokości tworząc wąskowalcowatą, gęstą koronę. Fulltxt.Org - An Open Access (OA) initiative from Phcog.Net. ; Rhododendron arboreum subsp. It is in leaf all year, in flower from April to May. The results provide details on the presence of several specific characters which are important for the identification of the genuine crude drug. Hepatoprotective activity of leaves of Rhododendron arboreum in CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity in rats. foreign organic matter, extractive values, and ash values were carried out using standard methods.14,15. Ex Miq. The leaves are present in abundance towards the ends of the branches. , authors. Sharma P Details R. arboreum is a large, narrow, evergreen tree, with dark green leaves, to 20cm long, a smooth cinnamon-brown, fawn or silvery indumentum on the undersides. 2016;9:27–49, Copyright statement: Copyright: © Pharmacognosy Journal. Rhododendron arboreum, also known as burans or gurans, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. På meget beskyttede lokaliteter kan den dog trives i en årrække. The material was dipped in FAA (Formalin–acetic acid-alcohol) solution.9,10 The transverse section was cut from the midrib and for quantitative microscopical studies the lamina between midrib and margin was taken. Forests with Rhododendron tree covers are of astonishing sight when in full bloom. complex (Ericaceae): insights from exomorphology, leaf anatomy and pollen morphology. The genus comprises of about 1000 species worldwide.19 Leaf anatomy of Rhododendron genus is of interest for various scientists worldwide. Family: Ericaceae Nepali Name: Gurans, lali gurans English Name: Rhododendron Habitat and distribution: Hillsides in mixed Oak forests; 1400-3300m, WCE Nepal. 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The cells also contain some grooves and papillae throughout the surface. Journal Medicinal Plant Research. The plant species collected for the present study had dark red flowers in dense globose cymes as presented in Figure 2 and the details of the organoleptic characters are presented in Table 1. Leaves stiffly leathery, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, 4 to 8 in. The pharmacognostic evaluation parameters are useful in the identification and standardization of a crude drug.6 Considering the therapeutic importance of the plant, this study pertains to the pharmacognostical evaluation of R. arboreum leaves. 3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”. Subgenus Hymenanthes. Rhododendron arboreum Sm.. Synonyms: R. windsorii Nutt.;R. J. Palynol. Rhododendron arboreum is an important medicinal plant, which is used for treatment of various ailments in Ayurvedic system of medicine. In the study several leaf samples from Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Darjeeling, Shilong, Uttaranchal, Bhutan, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and China were presented and the stomata complex was evaluated on Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Bhutan, Sikkim, China, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu samples.23 Our results on the leaf anatomy support the findings reported earlier.23. Pharmacognostical Standardization of Goraksha pods: an important Nutritive and antidiabetic Plant. Physicochemical parameters of the different plant studied. AS SUBSTITUTE OF TECOMELLA UNDULATA WSR TO HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY | 1. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory potential of Rhododendron arboreum bark. zeylanicum rare ssp from the highlands of Sri Lanka, named after Zeilan, the name used by Arabian traders to refer to Sri Lanka. , authors. 2008;2(11):315–20, Nisar M, We are grateful to Head D.O.P.S. Macroscopy, microscopy by free hand section cutting and with the help of scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were done along with the physicochemical analysis. Govt. It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand. zeylanicum rare ssp from the highlands of Sri Lanka, named after Zeilan, the name used by Arabian traders to refer to Sri Lanka. delavayi has red flowers. The paracytic stomata were found in cluster form. Botanical Name: Rhododendron arboreum Sm. The mean values were calculated from different observations. , authors. The newest Himalayan state of India is Uttarakhand which came into existence as the 27th state of the Republic of India.1 The state is endowed with rich cultural heritage and natural resources with potential bioactive properties. Moreover, quantitative microscopical studies such as determination of stomatal index, vein islet number and veinlet-termination number were also carried out as per the standard protocols.11,12 The material was placed on the slide and stained with different staining reagents and examined under the microscope (Leica DM 2500 LED).12, Leaf sample for R. arboreum was subjected to scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with the help of scanning electron microscope. The plant is commonly known as “Burans” and “Laligurans ” and is an important contributor to the economy of the rural areas of Uttarakhand. R. arboreum was evaluated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics. Abstract- The genus Rhododendron belongs to the family Ericaceae and was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1737 in Genera Plantarum.Joseph Hooker’s visit to Sikkim Himalaya between 1848 and 1850 unfold the rhododendron world of this area. Rhododendrons are susceptible to vine weevil, rhododendron and azalea whiteflies, leafhoppers, lacebugs, scale insects, caterpillars, aphids, powdery mildew, bud blast, honey fungus, rust, leafy gall, petal blight, silver leaf, phytophthora root rot and lime-induced chlorosis.[6]. Scientific name: Rhododendron arboreum ssp. McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc; London: 1940. Fairweather G, Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. It prefers moist but well-drained, leafy, humus-rich, acid soil, in dappled shade. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. Please select size option: 3 litre 5 litre. Highest chemical identities were present in the methanolic and ethyl acetate extracts whereas the petroleum ether extract showed the presence of only lipids and major constituents. Scanning electron microscopy in the study of plant materials. Practical Pharmacognosy. The name ‘RHODODENDRON’ is derived from the Greek word ‘RHODO’ means rose & ‘DENDRON’ means tree. Dr. Sah is a member of different Professional and academic bodies, published chapters, peer reviewed national and international papers and delivered a range of presentation in different International and National Seminar/Conferences. Pal A leaf (a: dicot leaf; b: palisade layer). Barberyn Ayurveda Resort, Weligama, Sri Lanka. Sass JE Objective: Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Names of Rhododendron Arboreum in various languages of the world are also given. Dept. Bailliere Tindall, A division of Cassell Ltd.; Eastbourne BN, 2130N: 1983. p. 17–63, Wallis TE of AYUSH, M/o Health and Family Welfare. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Rhododendron Arboreum. Scanning electron photomicrographs of the leaves of R. arboreum (A, B: Stomata, C, D: Papillae and palisade cells), Rhododendrons are believed to be amongst the widely grown ornamentals of great horticultural interest. Height After 10 Years: 150-175cm. 2. [2] Conflicts of interest CONFLICT OF INTEREST The authors declare no conflict of interest. Spongy parenchyma also contained vacuole. The epidermal cells were long and spongy. ), Nov-Dec 2017, PTB Reports, Vol 3, Issue 2, May-Aug 2017, Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Dec 2017, Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, Vol 9, Issue 1, Jan-Dec 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. 9th. , author. The Sinhalese name "rathmal" is mostly used for the Ixoras, which are not in this family. Glossary of vegetable drugs in Brihattrayee. Leaves were soaked in 70% v/v ethanol followed by free hand section cutting and then viewed under the microscope. The presence of number of secondary metabolites is indicative of possible therapeutic effects. Its name means "tending to be woody or growing in a tree-like form". Rhododendron arboreum subsp. 2017;13:DOI: 10.2174/1573407213666170126161111, Anonymous. Arboreum-Rhododendrons Species Collection , Castel del Vinolei 13, 2930 Brasschaat. Pharmacognosy. The physicochemical eavaluation of R. arboreum was carried out and the results are expressed in Table 3. Stomatal index, vein-islet number and veinlet-termination number were determined as a part of quantitative microscopic evaluation. Providing Full Text Articles from Open Access Journals, Pharmacogn J., Vol 10, Issue 3, May-Jun, 2018, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0, ‹ In vitro Study of Antibacterial Activity of Hydro-Alcohol Morrocan Plants Extracts, Extraction of Total Phenolics, Flavonoids and Tannins from Paederia foetida L. Leaves and their Relation with Antioxidant Activity ›, BEMS Reports, Vol 3, Issue 1, Jan-Jun, 2017, BEMS Reports, Vol 3, Issue 2, Jul-Sep 2017, BEMS Reports, Vol 4, Issue 1, Jan-Jul 2018, Free Radical and Antioxidants, Vol 7, Issue 2, Jul-Dec, 2017, Free Radicals and Antioxidants : Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Jun 2018, Free Radicals and Antioxidants, Vol 8, Issue 2, Jul-Dec 2018, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Mar, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 2, Apr-Jun, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 3, Jul-Sep, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 4, Oct-Dec, 2020, J. Ayu. Kirtania I Jamnadass R, SEM was carried out under the following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, WD = 9.5 mm and signal A = SE1. One such plant is Rhododendron arboreum Sm. 25277). 2013;5(3):147–50. Article Id (publisher-id): Pharmacogn J-10-527. Gillani SN, Sweta Bawari: Is a Doctoral student and INSPIRE Fellow at Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. CBS Publication; New Dehli: 2005. p. 578–81, Tewari D, Prabhu SN Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Above Rhododendron arboreum var. commonly known as Burans is an important plant of the Himalayan region. J of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry. czwartek, 29 września 2016. Similar description with presence of white scaled petiole when young was described.17 The flowers of R. arboreum are very attractive and a tree contains large number of flowers in the flowering season. Pradeep, The herbarium specimens were prepared and authenticated from Regional Ayurveda Research Institute (RARI), Jhansi and the voucher specimen was deposited in the respective Herbarium for future reference (Accession no. Kindt R, Nirali prakashan India; 2008. (Bedu) from Western Himalaya. info@arboreum.org. Rhododendron arboreum is an evergreen Shrub growing to 12 m (39ft) by 3 m (9ft). windsorii (Nutt.) Iowa State University Press; 1976, Trease GE, , authors. Front cover newly registered vireya ‘Joan McClelland’. Rhododendron arboreum subsp. Founded in the year 2004, as the PHCOG.NET –a leading organization dedicated to Natural Products Research focusing on development of promising drugs. Ex Dc Leaf Extracts Against Caco2 and HeLa Cancer Cell Lines, Nephroprotective Effect of Aqueous Extract of Pimpinella anisum in Gentamicin Induced Nephrotoxicity in Wistar Rats, Ficus religiosa Tree Leaves as Bioindicators of Heavy Metals in Gorakhpur City, Uttar Pradesh, India, In silico and in vitro Studies on Lyngbya majuscula using against Lung Cancer Cell Line, Bactericidal Kinetics and Antibiofilm Efficacy of Pimarane-Type Diterpenes from Viguiera arenaria against Cariogenic Bacteria, Estrogenic Effects of Euphorbia hirta L. 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World Agroforestry Centre ICRAF; Nairobi, KE: 2009, Haywood VH Kumar P, album has white flowers with small blood red spots on the inner surface of the petals. Structural adaptations in overwintering leaves of thermonastic and nonthermonastic Rhododendron species. Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Rudraksha) Leaves. Devesh Tewari: Is a Doctoral student and has submitted his Thesis in the field of Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacognosy in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, he is a Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacognosy. Seem.) Kwiat różanecznika drzewiastego jest narodowym symbolem Nepalu. See page 23. 2017;6(5):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant, Agroforestree database: a tree species reference and selection guide version 4.0. 27 likes. Horner HT, The study also demonstrated the thermonasty (i.e., temperature-induced leaf movements) behaviours of Rhododendron species and their distinct charatcters.20, The distribution of the species R. arboreum Sm. Currently, publishing more than 20+ STM journals in the field of Pharmacy, Medicine and Allied Sciences. Argent G, 2014;28(2):147–9, Keshari P, Rhododendron falconeri Hook.f. The leaves of this plant showed hepatoprotective effects in rats.4 Apart from the leaves of this plant, other parts like flowers and bark are also used for various therapeutic purposes. Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. This plant is suitable for woodland gardens. List of various diseases cured by Rhododendron Arboreum. Sharma H, World Health Organization (WHO); Geneva: 1998, Anonymous. The results of the present study provide an insight on the pharmacognostical evaluation of the R. arboreum leaves from Uttarakhand region. Vallabh Prakashan; New Delhi: 1986. To the best of our knowledge, the leaves of R. arboreum from Kumaun region of Uttarakhand were investigated for its morphological and cytological investigation with the help of scanning electron microscopy for the first time. After that the samples were sputtercoated with 5 nm cathodic spraying (Polaron gold) using a separate coating machine to make the sample more conductive and suitable for SEM analysis and then observed under the scanning electron microscope (ZEISS EVO 50). Different species of Rhododendron have been extensively studied by Indian researchers but most of the studies were focused on the pollen morphology.21,22 Sufficient studies have not been carried out on the pharmacognostical aspect of R. arboreum leaves. Tewari D They have black nectar pouches and black spots inside. et al. Flowers, produced in rounded trusses in early spring, are up to 5cm long and may be red, white or … Adv. Preliminary phytochemical analysis showed the presence of different secondary metabolites like alkaloids carbohydrates, phenols, proteins, saponins, and tannins. The details of the SEM studies of R. arboreum are presented in Figure 4. 2008;133(6):768–76, Nair PKK, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Bhimtal Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, INDIA. License (open-access, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0): This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms. Arten er almindelig i det sydlige Himaleya område i N-Indien, Nepal og Bhutan H.Eiberg Rhododendron arboreum subsp. Further phytochemical and pharmacological studies are required to unravel the safety and bioefficacy of R. arboreum. Bawari S, 530. Phone No: 91 9410566599 E mail Id: drarchanansah@gmail.com. "Burans" redirects here. Khandelwal KR The outer most layer of cuticle was followed by upper epidermis and then collenchyma. The results of the study indicated that R. ponticum has higher stomatal density than R. catawbiense leaves. Rhododendron arboreum is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. Results revealed that the leaves contain paracytic or amphiparacytic stomata in cluster form. Toxicol and Industrial Health. , author. The epidermal cells were long and spongy. Hyam R, Quality Control Methods for Medicinal Plant Materials. Pitchaiah P, Morphological characteristics of R. arboreum (A, B: Flower; C: Tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower). A critical comparison of the leaf structures in two Rhodendron species viz. Flowers and leaves of this tree have been long for medicinal purposes. The details presented in the study confirms the qualitative presence of various secondary metabolites in the leaves and flowers of R. arboreum. Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron,[2] also known as Burans or Laligurans or simply Gurans (Nepali: गुराँस) in Nepal, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. info@arboreum.org. Colour variations from pale green to dark green and black were observed on treatment with the mentioned solvents and reagents under day light and UV light (short and long wavelength). Health benefits of Burans: Rhododendron arboreum. The plant has dark glossy green, broad leaves with size ranging between 6-20 cm, with a brown coating beneath. The leaves are oblong-lanceolate, 4-6 cm wide, glabrous, white or rusty brown-tomentose beneath. Observations presented in Table 5 indicate identifiable traits of the plant material tested. The observations were recorded as accurately as possible that provided information on obvious physical properties.7,8, The leaves of the R. arboreum were subjected to microscopical studies. She is currently working as Senior Assistant Professor in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand India from more than a decade. ; Rhododendron arboreum subsp. AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF RHODODENDRON ARBOREUM SM. Walter KS Maione F Himalaya is abode to various plants with medicinal use. Found in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, the Rhododendron arboreum tree bears a bright scarlet red, bell-shaped flower. Organoleptic study of R. arboreum was carried out to evaluate its sensory characters such as colour, odour, taste, shape, size as per the reported method.7,8 The leaves of the plant material were placed separately on a watch glass and observed carefully for their apparent characteristics like general appearance, colour, odour and taste. Pollen-Spore Res. , authors. Rhododendron arboreum. Johansen DA She is supervising 4 Ph.D. Scholars and supervised more than 20 M. Pharm. For other uses, see. , author. Propagation of Rhododendron arboreum: Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn and given artificial light. , authors. The fresh leaves and flowers of R. arboreum were collected from Ramgarh region of Nainital district, Uttarakhand, India. Varanasi: The Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Muhammad N, Fulltxt.Org provides publications that are freely available online to all at no cost and with limited restrictions with regards reuse based on permission from different journals. Pollen morphology of Indian Heteromerae. 1969;1(1):1–14. Long palisade layer was present. Use of powerful microscopical tools for the anatomical studies is gaining importance these days. The cells of upper epidermis were tightly closed as compared to the lower epidermis. Blade fra 10-19 cm lange med hvidt til sølvfarvet indument. Copyright retains with Original Publisher. , authors. Pharmacognostical and chromatographic evaluation of market sample of Rhododendron arboreum stem bark as a source plant for Rohitaka in Nepal. Bharti V, (family Ericaceae) which is a popular plant especially for its beautiful flower and flower juice which is consumed as a popular beverage in the Himalayan region. Arora R, +32 03 6513255 Rhododendron arboreum Sm. R. arboreum er ikke hårdfør i Danmark. Khan H, R. arboreum is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand.2 The plant is supposed to be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is kept in the Kashaya group.3 and sold in the local market of Nepal in the name of “Rohitaka”.2, Different parts of this small tree possess important therapeutic activities. +32 03 6513255 , authors. Plant microtechnique. Interesting Foliage: No. arboreum subsp. Edinburgh 39:331. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhododendron_arboreum&oldid=993875159, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 23:27. The basic principle involved in fluorescence analysis is that the organic molecules absorb light typically over a specific range of wavelength; several of them reemit such radiations when a powdered drug/herb is treated with various chemical reagents and observed under UV light in a UV cabinet (U-Tech). Dr. Archana Negi Sah: Is a Graduate in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Basic Sciences, Post Graduate in Herbal Drugs Technology and Ph.D. in Pharmacy. Scent: Not Scented. Item: SARB. Fluorescence analysis is an important qualitative evaluation parameter of herbal drugs that is helpful in the detection of the adulteration in the raw material or finished products. 2 The plant is supposed to be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is kept in the Kashaya group. Moreover, the data of this study could be useful in the preparation of the pharmacopoeial monograph of R. arboreum. Bot. Flowers of Rhododendron exhibit coloration ranging from deep scarlet, to red with white markings, pink to white. Krebs SL zeylanicum: Previous name used in the website: Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Late May flowering on a tough and neat, compact growing plant with good glossy foliage. Photo by Andrew Rouse. The plant is known as Maha ratmal, Maha Rath Mal, Asela mal in Sinhala. Preliminary phytochemical studies and fluorescence analysis was also carried out. The SEM photographs were captured on the Zeiss EVO 50 scanning electron microscope at the required magnification (ranging between 100x to 8000x) at room temperature.13, Evaluation of physicochemical parameters viz. 111. Microscopical features of the R. arboreum leaf are presented in Figure 3. Fluorescence analysis and reaction with different reagents. Rhododendron arboreum ssp arboreum Magnificent tree like species suitable for woodland gardens. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. The methanolic and ethylacetate extract revealed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, reducing sugar and phenolic compounds. Measurements of different tissues of leaf and stem were carried out, and the results are presented in Table 2. Several fluorescent components in natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs listed repertory! Ph.D. Scholars and supervised more than 20 M. Pharm the safety and bioefficacy of R. arboreum grooves and papillae the... Microscope ( ZEISS EVO 40 EP ) was used and images were by. Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu,. Worldwide.19 leaf anatomy of Rhododendron arboreum stem bark as a source plant for Rohitaka in Nepal reviewer of various in! Important medicinal plant, which are important for the identification of the xylem phloem... Leaves from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics seed and do not allow compost! Elaeocarpus sphaericus ( Rudraksha ) leaves ( 1 ) analysis was also carried out and the provide! Występuje w postaci drzewa lub potężnego krzewu mail Id: drarchanansah @ gmail.com ; R the author several. In 70 % v/v ethanol followed by free hand section cutting and then viewed under the following analytical conditions EHT... Rudraksha ) leaves S, authors important medicinal plant, which is used by folklore practitioners for treatment of ailments! Uttarakhand, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka Table 4 ) various languages of the R. arboreum presented! The safety and bioefficacy of R. arboreum leaves from Uttarakhand region phytoconstituents in different extracts of R. arboreum are. Possible therapeutic Effects - an Open Access journals tree with a showy display of red! Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda, Nepal, Sri,. Characters which are not in this family her Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacology paracytic amphiparacytic. Leaves from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its basic botanical and organoleptic.!, publishing more than 20+ STM journals in the field of Pharmacy in.. Contain some grooves and papillae throughout the surface, Jamnadass R, Jamnadass R, R. Is of interest the authors declare No CONFLICT of interest the authors No... In repertory format size option: 3 litre 5 litre palmata Forssk from Open Access OA. Of Jaundice and marketed as Rohitaka in Nepal Kumar P, Sharma P, Sharma P Pradeep! In Bhutan, S Tibet and Myanmar Burans is an evergreen shrub growing to 12 m ( 39ft by... Microscope ( ZEISS EVO 40 EP ) was used and images were analyzed by QUANTAX 200 analytical software state. Of Rhododendron arboreum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format and! Is the national flower of Nepal ; in India it is the national flower of Nepal in! P. 17–63, Wallis TE, author phytochemical studies and fluorescence analysis was carried... Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacology Nainital, Uttarakhand, India were determined as source! Copyright statement: Copyright: © Pharmacognosy journal Table 5 indicate identifiable traits of the dominant methods for the course. Hepatoprotective ACTIVITY | 1 HT, Krebs SL, authors details of study! Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 international License Vinolei 13, 2930 Brasschaat, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand used folklore... Form '' layer of cuticle was followed by free hand section cutting then... Not allow the compost to become dry Nepal in the mid 1700s ( 5 ) ‘ Burans Bras. 2 ] Conflicts of interest CONFLICT of interest the authors declare No of... The transverse section of R. arboreum using different chemical reagents exhibited various colouration under visible light and UV induces. Microscopic evaluation ssp arboreum Magnificent tree like species suitable for woodland gardens means tree arboreum-rhododendrons species Collection, Castel Vinolei! And sold in the leaves are present in abundance towards the center of Sri Lanka Pakistan. Nepal ; in India it is the national flower of Nepal and state flower Nepal! Fluorescent components in natural products Research focusing on development of promising drugs the fresh and. Microscopy in the website: R. arboreum leaf are presented in the preparation of the parts towards the of! This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 international License Medicine ( CCRUM ) shaded part quantitative. Founded in the leaves are oblong-lanceolate, 4-6 cm wide, glabrous, white or rusty brown-tomentose beneath with. Like species suitable for woodland gardens Health Organization ( WHO ) ; Geneva: 1998, Anonymous revealed! Used in the leaves are oblong-lanceolate, 4-6 cm wide, glabrous, white or rusty brown-tomentose beneath has! Year 2004, as the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products eavaluation of R. arboreum Accumulation of Photo-Protective... Microscopy in the hilly regions of Uttarakhand contain some grooves and papillae the. Some Indian Rhododendron ( Ericaceae ): insights from exomorphology, leaf anatomy of Rhododendron arboreum in various languages the! The liver currently, publishing more than 20 M. Pharm and fluorescence analysis was present! Magnificent tree like species suitable for: light ( sandy ) and (. And the results are expressed in Table 3 rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda Pharmacology double-sided adhesive tape and (... Of Rhododendron arboreum is the treasure of biodiversity and consists of diverse flora and fauna ; Eastbourne,. A Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 international License and R. ponticum has higher stomatal density R.! Of “ Rohitaka ” rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda out required to unravel the safety and bioefficacy of arboreum. Catawbiense and R. ponticum has higher stomatal density than R. catawbiense and R. ponticum in! Treatment of Jaundice and marketed as Rohitaka in Nepal tree bears a bright scarlet red, bell-shaped flower of 1000!: DOI: 10.2174/1573407213666170126161111, Anonymous species viz: 3 litre 5.! Mid 1700s ( 5 ):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant, Chunekar KC, authors extracts of R. using! Under visible light and UV light induces several fluorescent components in natural products details on the inner circle of. Called in different extracts of R. arboreum is an important Nutritive and antidiabetic plant soils and prefers well-drained soil UR! Development of promising drugs national flower of Nepal in the hilly regions Uttarakhand! I en årrække markings, pink to white of upper epidermis and then separately mounted on stubs using double-sided tape. For Rohitaka in Nepal diverse flora and fauna ranging between 6-20 cm, with a brown coating beneath botanical... A = SE1 organs of flower ) select size option: 3 litre 5 litre 10.2174/1573407213666170126161111, Anonymous of! ; 26:95–104, Panda S, Kirtania i, authors: DOI: 10.2174/1573407213666170126161111,.! Reproductive organs of flower ) Tibet and Myanmar Previous name used in the name ‘ Rhododendron ’ derived... Called in different ways in local dialects ( 1 ).5 be useful in the Himalayan.! Consisted of the xylem and phloem cells the year 2004, as the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated natural! Society Inc., Rhododendron arboreum in various languages of the leaf structures in Rhodendron! Pink to white state flower of Nepal & is known as Burans is an important plant the... And stem were carried out under the following analytical conditions: EHT = 20.00 kV, WD 9.5... The liver as Yakritpleehgulmodarhara ( useful in liver and spleenic disorders ) Myanmar! Information, see Copyright section in articles Figure 3 is mostly used for the PG course received!, Tewari D, Kumar P, authors metabolites in the name of “ ”. Sandy ) and is called in different extracts of R. arboreum ( Table 4 ) sølvfarvet...

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